We note that one of the government’s key campaign pledges was to make changes to the 19th Amendment. This is a task that needs to be taken up carefully. The 19th Amendment shared power away from the president and to the parliament when it was passed in parliament with 215 votes, far more than a 2/3 majority and with only one dissenting vote. In addition, it set up independent commissions to safeguard public servants and institutions from undue political interference, the need for which has been highlighted by the president himself. Thus, these important power-sharing methods may need to be safeguarded rather than discarded.
There are long standing divides in our society that need to be bridged and which the competing politicians did not discuss in the course of their election campaigns. Even a strong government cannot win hearts and minds without justice. We believe that the power-sharing mechanism of provincial councils in the 13th Amendment to the constitution may be a vent to permit local majorities to manage their affairs and to accommodate particular ethnic and religious needs. It is significant the ruling party and its allies performed better than in the past in several areas in which the ethnic and religious minorities predominate. This gives rise to the possibility that the provincial council system can be revived in partnership with them in delivering economic development and new hope to the people.
This is not the first time we have had the President and Prime Minister from the same party and enjoyed unchallenged supremacy in parliament. A similar situation existed during 2005-2015, yet there was a change in 2015 as people found it unsatisfactory. Thus, power alone may not provide the best to the people, who have been awaiting since Independence in 1948 for a system of governance and development that matches the world. Even though Sri Lanka is a middle income country a substantial proportion of the people do not enjoy its benefits as the distribution of income is so skewed that around 40 percent of the population are on Samurdhi welfare. Now the power of the people have been vested through the democratic process in the government. We believe that through inclusive processes in which the hopes and aspirations of all sections of the population are met, Sri Lanka will be on the fast track not only to economic development but also to sustainable peace.
The National Peace Council is an independent and non partisan organization that works towards a negotiated political solution to the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka. It has a vision of a peaceful and prosperous Sri Lanka in which the freedom, human rights and democratic rights of all the communities are respected. The policy of the National Peace Council is determined by its Governing Council of 20 members who are drawn from diverse walks of life and belong to all the main ethnic and religious communities in the country.